Abstract: This paper examined the origin and development of the application of the principles of margin of lead in the Nigerian electoral process. It examined how the principles sharply affected many elections in Nigeria since 2015 and how it was perceived in Nigerian legal jurisprudence. It has established a special case study on the 2023 experience as it relates to Zamfara state and why the application of the principles varies in the case of Zamfara state and whether or not the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has a convincing reason for its variant application of the principles in the election. The paper adopted a mixed research methodology of field interview and extensive literature to ascertain the extent of the understanding of the principles.
Keywords: Crisis, Application of ‘’Principle of Margin of Lead’’, 2023 Nigeria’s Gubernatorial Elections, Zamfara State